Class 5 – Quran- Surah Kafiroon & Surah Al Ikhas

Class 5
‘Quran- Surah Kafiroon & Surah Al Ikhas’


Surah Kafiroon

This chapter was revealed as a response to the idol-worshipping leaders of the Quraysh that came to the Prophet ﷺ with the proposal that he worship their idols for a year, and in return, they would worship his God for a year. The surah came near the end of the Prophet’s ﷺ journey of dawah (calling people to Islam) and as such.. So the Prophet tells them that they will not be swapping the worship of gods and that their committing of shirk (associate partners with Allah) will have consequences on the day of Judgement.

Translation of Surah Kafiroon

  • (Muhammad) Say, “O you disbelievers!” [1]
  • “I don’t worship (those rival gods) that you worship.” [2]
  • “And you don’t worship (Allaah alone) which I worship.” [3]
  • “And I won’t (ever) worship (in the manner) that you are worshipping.” [4]
  • “And you won’t (ever) worship whom I worship (in the way He should be worshipped).” [5]
  • “(So,) You have your religion (and its consequences), and I have mine.” [6]

Sunnah times to recite Surah Kafiroon:

  • In the first Rakah of the two Rakah Sunnah prayers of Fajr
  • In the Second Rakah of Witr. (First Rakat Surah Al Al’aa and 3rd rakah Surah Al Ikhlas)
  • Before going to Sleep.
  • He ﷺ also recited Surah Kafiroon in the first Rakah of the prayer after Tawaf (second rakah he would recite Surah al Ikhlas)

Surah al-Ikhlas (The Sincerity) or at-Tawheed (Oneness of God) [112]

 This chapter was revealed as a reply to the idol worshippers of Makkah who asked about the ancestry of Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ god, as well as a reply to those who worshipped the “son of god” (Christians and Jews) or the sun and moon (Zoroastrians). It focuses on tawheed (the Oneness of Allah), wherein it states that He is One (unique in all His attributes), He is Self-Sufficient (does not need anyone, but everyone depends upon Him), He has no parents or children (as those that come into existence will eventually die and those that die will leave behind inheritance), and that none are equal to Him (no one can rival Him and He has no spouse).

  • Say (Muhammad): “He is Allaah, the One (and only god),” [1]
  • “Allaah is the Self-Sufficient (needed by all),” [2]
  • “Nothing was born by Him and He was not born,” [3]
  • “And there is none like (or equal to) Him.” [4]

Ikrimah R.A. said, the reason for the revelation of this Surah was. “When…

  • the Jews said, `We worship Uzayr, the son of Allah,’ and
  • the Christians said, `We worship the Messiah (Isa), the son of Allah,’ and
  • the Zoroastrians said, `We worship the sun and the moon,’ and
  • the idolators said, `We worship idols,’

– Allah revealed to His Messenger,

– قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ﴿١﴾

– Say: “He is Allah, One.”

– meaning,

  • He is the One, the Singular,
  • Who has no peer,
  • no assistant, no rival,
  • no equal and none comparable to Him.

This word (Al-Ahad) cannot be used for anyone in affirmation except Allah the Mighty and Majestic, because He is perfect in all of His attributes and actions.

– Concerning His saying,

– اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ ﴿٢﴾

– Allah As-Samad,

Ikrimah reported that Ibn Abbas said, “This means the One Who all of the creation depends upon for their needs and their requests.”

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas,

  • “He is the Master Who is perfect in His sovereignty,
  • the Most Noble Who is perfect in His nobility,
  • the Most Magnificent Who is perfect in His magnificence,
  • the Most Forbearing Who is perfect in His forbearance,
  • the All-Knowing Who is perfect in His knowledge, and
  • the Most Wise Who is perfect in His wisdom.
  • He is the One Who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority.
  • He is Allah, glory be unto Him. These attributes are not befitting anyone other than Him. He has no coequal and nothing is like Him. Glory be to Allah, the One, the Irresistible.”

Al-A`mash reported from Shaqiq, who said that Abu Wa’il said,

– ” الصَّمَدُ As-Samad, is the Master Whose control is complete.”


  • The Prophet ﷺ has stated that reading this chapter is equivalent to reading one-third of the Qur’an and the one who loves to recite it will be admitted into Paradise.
  • The Prophet ﷺ has encouraged the recitation of Surah al-Naas, al-Faluq and al-Ikhlos three times before and after sleep, as a protection from everything. During the night, the Prophet ﷺ would blow into his hands and then recite the three Quls and then wipe over his body with his palms.
  • Also as mentioned under Surah Kafiroon He ﷺ used to recite Surah Ikhlas in the second Rakah of the Sunnah prayers on Fajr & Maghirb and also the same for the Prayer after Tawaf and would recite it in the third Rakah of Witr.

WORKSHEET: Download the sheets from the link above… There are three PDF files, download them and print them. The Worksheets are to make it interactive, fun and easier to learn, it is not madatory for everyone to do it. Please remember Sis Metinee Adam who volunteered to make these Worksheets for the course. JazakAllah Khair!



  • Memorize the Surahs
  • Remember when to recite them
  • Remember their virtues