Class 7 – Fiqh – Wudoo & Salah’

 Class 7

‘Fiqh – Wudoo & Salah’


The Unique Qualities of Purification

1. Purification is equal to half of the faith:

The Prophet of Allâh ﷺ said in this regard:

Cleanliness is equal to half the faith…” (Muslim)

2. Purification is one of the ways one can please Allâh and earn His love

Allâh ﷺ said:

Indeed Allâh loves those who continually seek repentance and those who purify themselves.”  [Surah al-Baqarah (2):222]

3. Purification elevates one’s rank and status.

Abu Hurairah (R.A.) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said to Bilâl at the time of the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer:

O Bilâl, Tell me the most promising deed you have done in Islâm, for I heard the sound of your footsteps in Paradise.” Bilâl answered: “I haven’t done an act more hopeful to me than this: I have never performed ablution during the day or night except that [after it] I performed what I could of voluntary Prayers.” (al-Bukhâri)

Wudhu (Ablution)

Prior to entering Salaat, the person is required to undertake a certain purification procedure known as “Wudhu” without which, the person’s prayer would not be acceptable in the sight of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala).

Allah,-the Almighty, says: O ye who believe, when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces and your arms to the elbows,- rub your heads (with water),- and (wash) your feet to the ankles” (Qur’an 5:6).

And the Prophet ﷺ, said: Prayer without ablution is invalid” (Reported by Imam Muslim).

How to Perform Wudoo

Make the child see the video and make them understand it, also can find the same in picture format below.

Important Points on Wudhu

1. Much virtue is attached to Wudhu which is properly performed as can be noted from the following saying of the Prophet ﷺ:A person who performs Wudhu properly will have his sins removed from his body, so much that the sins are removed even from underneath his nails” (Reported by Imam Muslim).

2. Having completed the Wudhu, the person may recite the “SHAHADA”, i.e. the words of witness and the supplication for concluding the Wudhu as follows: 



I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.

O Lord, make me among those who return to you in repentance and of those who are undefiled.

Regarding the virtue of the above supplication, the leader of the faithful, Umar lbn-ul Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) reported the Prophet ﷺ as saying:

If anyone performs the Wudhu completely and then says, I testify that there is no god but Allah alone, He has no partner: and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and may enter by whichever of the gates he wishes” (Related by Imam Muslim).

3. When performing Wudhu, it is recommended to let the water reach beyond the area required to be washed (e.g., when washing the arms the person may wash beyond the elbows or beyond the ankles when washing the feet). Great virtue has been attached to this fact, as can be noted from the following saying of the Prophet ﷺ: My nation (Ummah) will be called (distinguished) on the Day of Judgement as a people with bright faces and limbs from the effect of their Wudhu practices. Therefore, anyone of you who wishes to increase his brightness may do so (by washing beyond the required areas when performing Wudhu)”  (Reported by lmams Bukhari and Muslim).

4. The importance of the Miswak, the Prophet ﷺ said:If it had not been too great a burden on my Ummah, I would have ordered them to use the Miswak at every Wudhu”  (Reported by Imam Malik).

Matters which Invalidate the Wudhu

The person will remain in a state of Wudhu until any of the following matters is committed:

  1. Passing of excrement, urine or wind. 
  2. Sleeping in which the person losses consciousness.
  3. Loss of consciousness resulting from insanity, fainting, etc.
  4. Touching of the sexual organs intentionally, directly and unclothed.
  5. Eating of camel’s meat.



Having cleansed yourself by Wudu, you may proceed to perform Salah. Wudu is a ritual cleansing. Before you begin your Salah, however, you must make sure that you have a clean body, a clean place to pray, and that you are wearing clothing free of impurities. The minimum clothing required during Salah is:

  • For males: Any clothing that covers from the naval to the knees. It is preferable to cover the shoulders. 
  • For females: Any clothing that covers all of the body (including the head) except the face, hands, and according to Imam Abu-Hanifah the toes and a portion of the front of the feet.

The way to offer Salah: 

Make the child see the video, make them understand it and let them by heart the Duas that are to be recited. Questions will be asked as to what is to recite in a respective position.


Things That Break Salat

  • Talking
  • Crying (scream)
  • To ignore, break, or miss one of the Fard parts (intentionally or unintentionally).
  • To deliberately miss any Wajib parts of the salat or unintentionally and failing to perform sijdah-Sahaf.
  • To chew or eat something.
  • Breaking into laughter.
  • To move about or shift unnecessarily.
  • To repeat an act irrelevant to the salat over and over again.

Undesirable Things

  • Trying to fold the garments to save them from dust.
  • Playing with garments, hair, etc.
  • Offering salat in an undignified dress.
  • Standing up for salat when there is a strong desire to go to the bathroom.
  • Placing one’s hands on the hip or back.
  • Shaping the fingers or intertwining the fingers of one hand with those of the other.
  • Turning the face away from the Qiblah or casting side-glances.
  • Yawning on purpose.
  • Praying in garments or on mat that has desings/images causing distraction.
  • Standing in the back of Jamaat when there is room in the front.
  • Keeping the eyes closed except for concentrating.
  • Prostrating one’s self by touching only the forehead or only nose or only edge of the cap.
  • Prostrating with one’s Elbows touching the ground.
  • Sitting square during the salat without a genuine reason.
  • Bending down for ruku before finishing the recitation properly and tying to complete it in the ruku.
  • Reciting the Quran regardless of sequence or size in various Rakahs of Fard salat.
  • Neglecting a Sunnah part in the salat.
  • Raising both feet of the ground in sijdah.
  • Trying to read something in front.



  1. Do not need to memorise the Ayaahs & Hadeeths but get a good understanding of it.
  2. Know the Qualities of Purification.
  3. Memorise the things about Wudoo as that is needed in daily life and not only for the Test.
  4. Memorize the Dua to be recited after Wudoo.
  5. Remember what breaks Salah
  6. Remember what are undesirable things in Salah.