Class – 5
‘Quran – Surahs Ikhlas, Falaq & Nas’
The reason for the revelation of this Surah has already been mentioned.
– the Jews said, `We worship Uzayr, the son of Allah,’ and
– the Christians said, `We worship the Messiah (Isa), the son of Allah,’ and
– the Zoroastrians said, `We worship the sun and the moon,’ and
– the idolators said, `We worship idols,’
Allah revealed to His Messenger ﷺ,
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ﴿١﴾
Say: “He is Allah, One.”
– He is the One, the Singular,
– Who has no peer,
– no assistant, no rival,
– no equal and none comparable to Him.
This word (Al-Ahad) cannot be used for anyone in affirmation except Allah the Mighty and Majestic, because He is perfect in all of His attributes and actions.
Concerning His saying,
اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ ﴿٢﴾
Ikrimah reported that Ibn Abbas said,
“This means the One Who all of the creation depends upon for their needs and their requests.”
Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas,
– “He is the Master Who is perfect in His sovereignty,
– the Most Noble Who is perfect in His nobility,
– the Most Magnificent Who is perfect in His magnificence,
– the Most Forbearing Who is perfect in His forbearance,
– the All-Knowing Who is perfect in His knowledge, and
– the Most Wise Who is perfect in His wisdom.
– He is the One Who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority.
– He is Allah, glory be unto Him. These attributes are not befitting anyone other than Him. He has no coequal and nothing is like Him. Glory be to Allah, the One, the Irresistible.”
Al-A`mash reported from Shaqiq, who said that Abu Wa’il said,
” الصَّمَدُ As-Samad, is the Master Whose control is complete.”
Al-Bukhari reported from Amrah bint Abdur-Rahman, who used to stay in the apartment of Aishah, the wife of the Prophet, that Aishah said,
“The Prophet sent a man as the commander of a war expedition and he used to lead his companions in prayer with recitation (of the Quran). And he would complete his recitation with the recitation of `Say: He is Allah, One.’ So when they returned they mentioned that to the Prophet and he said,
Ask him why does he do that?
So they asked him and he said,
`Because it is the description of Ar-Rahman and I love to recite it.
So the Prophet said,
أَخْبِرُوهُ أَنَّ اللهَ تَعَالَى يُحِبُّه
“Inform him that Allah the Most High loves him.”
A Hadith that mentions this Surah is equivalent to a Third of the Qur’an
Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu Sa`id that;
a man heard another man reciting قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ (Say: “He is Allah, One.”) and he was repeating over and over. So when morning came, the man went to the Prophet and mentioned that to him, and it was as though he was belittling it.
The Prophet said,
وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ إِنَّهَا لَتَعْدِلُ ثُلُثَ الْقُرْآن
“By He in Whose Hand is my soul, verily it is equivalent to a third of the Qur’an.”
Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i also recorded it.
Another Hadith Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu Sa`id, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah said to his Companions,
أَيَعْجِزُ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَقْرَأَ ثُلُثَ الْقُرْآنِ فِي لَيْلَةٍ؟
Is one of you not able to recite a third of the Qur’an in a single night?
This was something that was difficult for them and they said,
“Which of us is able to do that, O Messenger of Allah!”
So he replied,
اللهُ الْوَاحِدُ الصَّمَدُ ثُلُثُ الْقُرْآن
“Allah is the One, As-Samad” is a third of the Qur’an.
Al-Bukhari was alone in recording this Hadith.
Surah Al Falaq
The Virtues of Surahs Al-Falaq and An-Nas
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said,
(Do you not see that there have been Ayat revealed to me tonight the like of which has not been seen before), They are Surah Falaq & Surah Naas.
This Hadith was recorded by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.”
Imam Malik recorded from `A’ishah that whenever the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was suffering from an ailment, he would recite the Mu`awwidhatayn over himself and blow (over himself). Then if his pain became severe, `A’ishah said that she would recite the Mu`awwidhatayn over him and take his hand and wipe it over himself seeking the blessing of those Surahs.
Al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah all recorded this Hadith.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of Al-Falaq,”)
(2. “From the evil of what He has created,”)
(3. “And from the evil of the Ghasiq when Waqab,”)
(4. “And from the evil of the blowers in knots,”)
(5. “And from the evil of the envier when he envies.”)
Surah An Naas
• Say (Reciter): “I seek protection with (Allaah,) the Lord of humankind,” 
• “The King of humankind,” 
• “The God of humankind,” 
• “From the evil of the (constant) whisperer who retreats (when I remember Allaah),” 
• “Who whispers in the chests (and hearts) of humankind,” 
• “(That are) Among the jinn and humans.” 
These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are lordship, sovereignty and divinity. Thus, He is the Lord of everything, the King of everything and the God of everything. All things are created by Him, owned by Him, and subservient to Him. Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.
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