SA’D BIN MU’ADH
The Hero for whom the Throne Shook at His Death
Who Was He?
He was the great leader, the martyr, Sa’d bin Mu’adh bin AnNu’man bin Abd Al-Ash’ hal Abu Amr Al-Ansari Al-Awsi AlAsh’hali, Al-Badri, the one for whom the Throne shook because of his death.
He was a very fair, tall and handsome man. He had a radiant face, good eyes and a full beard. He accepted Islam at the hands of Mus’ ab bin Umayr.
Ibn Ishaq said: “When he accepted Islam, he stood amongst his tribe and said to them: ‘0 Bani Abd Al-Ash’hal, what is my position in your midst?’ They all replied: ‘Our leader in nobility and our right hand chief.’ [He said:] ‘Your words about me would be haram as well as your men and women unless you believe in Allah and His Messenger.”‘
He also said: By Allah, no one remained in the households of Bani ‘Abd Al-Ash’hal neither amongst the men nor of the women except that they all accepted Islam.
Ibn Shihab said: Sa’d bin Mu’adh witnessed the Battle of Badr and he was shot with an arrow at the Battle of Khandaq. He lived for a month after that, then his wound relapsed and he died.
Author’s words: In spite of the fact that he lived only a few years in Islam, his contribution outstripped his lifetime (in Islam). He entrenched glory for himself and for his deen.
Great Moments in His life
The great moments in the life of this righteous slave (of Allah) are quite numerous. This is the man that the Throne shook because of his death and the Angels moved in frenzy in a bid to outstrip one another to partake in his funeral and to bear his bier in reverence and humility for him. Amongst this great moments are:
The Day of the Banu Quraydah
‘A’ishah was in the fort of Banu Harith on the Day of Khandaq and the mother of Sa’ d was with her when Sa’ d passed by wearing an undersized coat of mail which left his entire arm exposed. He had a spear in his hand which he continuously shook while saying:
Haml stayed for a short while watching the turmoil
There is no qualms about death when the time has come
On hearing this, his mother responded to him: “0 my son! You have delayed.” So I said to her: “0 mother of Sa’d, how I wish the armor of Sa’d is bigger than it is.” Sad was hit by an arrow (i.e. on the Day of Khandaq.) Ibn AI-‘ Araqah shot him (with an arrow). When he was hit he said, “Take that from me, I am ibn Al-Araqah.” Sa’ d said to him: “May Allah make your face araqa (perspire) in the Hellfire.”
Then he prayed: “0 Allah! If there still remains any fight with the Quraish, then keep me alive till I fight against them for Your Sake. There are no people more beloved to me to fight against in Your Cause but those who disbelieved Your Prophet, belied him and turned him out (of Makkah). But if you have brought the war to an end, then let this wound be (a cause of) martyrdom for me and do not kill me yet until You delight me regarding Banu Quraydah.”
Banu Quraydah had breached their covenant with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and allied themselves with the confederates in order to provide them an easy access into Madinah to attack the Muslims. It was only the grace of Allah that saved the Muslims.
When they breached their covenant, Allah’s Messenger ﷺ sent Sa’d to them to remind them of the covenant but they insulted him and hurt the Prophet ﷺ. It is for this reason Sa’d said what he said.
When Allah defeated the confederates alone, the Prophet ﷺ laid siege on them (Banu Quraydah) until they agreed to a verdict set by Sa’d bin Mu’adh. So Allah’s Messenger ﷺ sent for him (Sa’d) and he passed the verdict that their warriors should be killed and their children and women should be taken as prisoners. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “You have passed judgment on them with the judgment of Allah which He has given above the seven Heavens.”
Mahmud bin Labeed said: When Sa’d’s median arm vein was hit, he becan1e heavy with illness so he was transferred to the care of a woman called Rufaydah to treat the wound. Any time the Prophet ﷺ passed by, he would say: “How do you feel this evening? How do you feel this morning?” and Sa’d bin Mu’adh would respond to him until the night in which he was taken by his people to the quarters of Banu Al-Ash’al. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and said: “They have taken him.” Then he went out and we went with him. He walked very fast until the straps of our shoes cut and the Companions complained about that to him. The Prophet ﷺ said: “I am just afraid that the Angels will get to him before us and bathed him just as they did to Hanzalah.” When he got to the house, Sa’d had been washed and his mother was weeping over him saying:
“Woe befalls Umm Sa’d for the loss of Sa’d; love has been punctured.”
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Every weeper is false except Umm Sa’d,” then he went out with his body. The people said to him: “We have never carried a corpse lighter upon us (to carry) than his.” He responded to them: “Nothing prevents him from being light except that so and so angel who had never descended until that day was also carrying him with you.”
The Messenger of Allah had visited him when his illness got worse and just before his soul departed. ‘Abdullah bin Shadad said: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ entered upon Sa’d when his soul was nearing its end and he said to him: “May Allah reward you with good amongst the leaders of men, you have fulfilled your pact (with Allah) and Allah shall fulfil His promise to you.”
The Throne (of Allah) Shook Because of His Death
What virtue is greater than this? What distinction is greater than this? A slave died on Earth and the Throne shook in joy and delight because of his arrival.
Jabir reported: Jibril came to Allah’s Messenger ﷺ and said: “Who is this servant that died for whom all the gates of the heavens were opened and the Throne shook?” The Messenger of Allah ﷺ responded: “That is Sa’ d!”
Imam Adh-Dhahabi said: The statement of the Prophet ﷺ has been concurrently reported that: “The Throne shook in joy at the death of Sa’ d.” It is also established from the Prophet ﷺ that he said regarding a robe whose beauty amazed him: “The handkerchief of Sa’ d in Paradise is far more beautiful than this.”
Ad-Dhahabi also said: The Throne is a creation of Allah and He employs it the way He wishes. U He wanted it to shake, it shook by the wish of Allah and He made it as a symbol of His love for Sa’d just as Allah made the mounttain of Uhud a symbol of His love for the Prophet ﷺ. Allah says: “0 you mountains. Glorify (Allah) with him!” (Saba’ :10)
When Sa’d bin Mu’adh’s soul was taken, his mother screamed and the Prophet ﷺ said: “Shouldn’t we dry your tears (delight you) and take away your grief? Certainly, your son is the first person Allah smiled at ru1d the Throne shook for his sake.“
The Angels Attend His Funeral
Glory be to Allah, the worth of a man is heightened when he recognizes his Lord. The delegates of Ar-Rahman descend at his death (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised!” (Fussilat:30)
Here they are leading the funeral of Sa’d and here they are walking all arow1d him in a solemn procession that the pen is incapable of describing.
Ibn ‘Umar narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “This is a righteous servant for whom the Throne shook and for whom the gates of heavens were thrown open and whose funeral was witnessed by 70,000 Angels who had never descended to the Earth until that day.”
Sa’d R.A., died at the age of thirty-seven and Allah’s Messenger ﷺ led his janazah and he was burried at the Baqi.
JA’FAR BIN ABI TALIB
He Flew with the Angels In the Heavens
Our guest in this section is, the master, the martyr of great repute, a luminary among the Mujahidun, Abu ‘Abdullah, the son of the uncle of Allah’s Messenger: Jafar bin Abi Talib, the brother of Ali bin Abi Talib. He was older than’ Ali by ten years.
He participated in the two hijrahs and also migrated from Abyssinia to Madinah. He met the Muslims while they were at Khaybar just after it was conquered. He stayed in Madinah only for a few months when Allah’s Messenger ﷺ appointed him to lead the Muslim army to the Battle of Mu’tah in the region of Karaka where he was martyred. Allah’s Messenger ﷺ was greatly pleased at his arrival and he was extremely saddened at his demise.
His Encounter With Najashi in the Land of Habashah
It is reported that Umm Salamah said: “Makkah had become constricted on us and the Companions of Allah’s Messenger were tortured and oppressed. Their situation became unbearable and Allah’s Messenger ﷺ could not do anything to protect them. He was under the protection of his family and his uncle. None of the kind of repression that afflicted his Companions touched him. As a result, Allah’s Messenger ﷺ advised them: ‘There is a king in the land of Habashah, and none is wronged under his authority. So move to his land until Allah provides a way out for you.’ So we headed toward him as a delegation. We arrived there safely and we remained in freedom and security enjoying freedom in the practice of our deen.” We remained in the land of Najashi benefiting from his generosity and kindness until we came back to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ while he was still in Makkah.”
The emigrants left Abyssinia and rerumed to Makkah but Ja’far remained tmtil the year of the conquest of Khaybar. The Prophetﷺ was quite pleased with his return. Ash-Sha’bi said: When Allah’s Messenger returned from Khaybar, Ja’far met him; he embraced him and kissed him in between his eyes. He said: “I do not know which fills me with more happiness, the conquest of Khaybar or the coming of Ja’far.”
Martyrdom in the Cause of Allah
“The army left and they met whatever Allah wished for them. Then Allah’s Messenger ﷺ climbed the minbar (pulpit) and ordered that As-salat Al-Jamia be proclaimed. (i.e. to call the people to congregate in the masjid). When the people gathered, he said to them: ‘Shouldn’t I inform you about your army? They met the enemy and Zayd was martyred, seek Allah’s forgiveness for him. Then Ja’far took the flag from him and he commanded the people until he was killed. Then Ibn Rawahah took it and he was firm (against the enemy) until he was martyred. Then Khalid took the flag without being nominated as a commander (beforehand), he appointed himself.’ Then Allah’s Messenger ﷺ raised his finger and said: ‘0 Allah, he is a sword amongst your swords, so aid him.’ It was on this day he (Khalid) was named ‘The Sword of Allah‘
His Valor (He Flies with the Angels in Paradise)
He (i.e. Ja’far) attained an excellent fortune in this battle. It has been reported: “While Allah’s Messenger ﷺ was sitting and Asma bint ‘Umays was close by, he said: ‘0 Asma! This is Ja’far passing by along with Jibril and Mikhail. He has informed me that he met the polytheist and that he was struck 73 times on his front side of his body. He took the flag in his right hand and it was severed, then he held it with his left and that too was amputated. And he said: Allah replaced my two hands with two wings with which I fly with the angels Jibril and Mikhail in Paradise eating from its fruits.”‘
‘Abdullah bin Ja’far said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Be delighted 0 ‘Abdullah bin Ja’far, your father flies with the angels in the heaven.”
The Messenger of Allah Wept
Asma said: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to me and requested for Ja’far’s children? I saw him lean over and hug them while tears flowed from his eyes. Apprehensive, I asked him: ‘0 Messenger of Allah, has any news reached you regarding Ja’far?’ ‘Yes,’ he replied. ‘he was killed today.’ So we started crying and he went back. He said (to the People): ‘Prepare food for the family of Ja’far for there came upon them an incident which has engaged them “‘
THABIT BIN AD-DAHDAH
He Donated His Life and Wealth to Allah
Who Was He?
He was one of the Ansaris who accommodated the Prophet ﷺ, aided him and followed the light that was sent down with him. He was one of the distinguished students in the Prophetic school. He was a fearless and brave horseman who pledged into battles valiantly. He defied all perils and bore difficulties with equanimity. His skill was daunting. Besides all these, he was quick in assisting the troubled, restituting the oppressed and provide succor for the grieved. Above all, he stood on a high pedestal in the love of Allah and His Messenger. He found pleasure in (answering) the call of Jihad. He savored the hardship occasioned by battle. He perceived the sweet fragrance of Paradise w1der the blade of his sword.
A Glimpse of His Love of Allah
This is from what ibn Mas’ud reported. He said: “When the Verse ‘Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan … ‘ was revealed, Abu Dahdah said: ‘0 Messenger of Allah, does Allah want a loan from us?’ ‘Yes, 0 Abu Dahdah,’ the Prophet ﷺ said. ‘Then show me your hand.’ When the Prophet ﷺ extended his hand, he took it and said: ‘I lend Allah a garden containing 600 palm trees.’ Then he returned to the garden while Umm Dahdah and his family were in there and he called out to her: ‘0 Umm Dahdah!’ ‘Labbayk (I am responding),’ she responded. ‘Get out (of the garden) for I have loaned it to my Lord azza wa jalla.”‘
Umm Dahdah responded: “Profitable is your transaction! May you be blessed in what you have bought.”
Then Umm Dahdah went to her children and extracted from their mouths some of the fruits of that garden (which they loaned to Allah) which they were eating. She also took out the ones in their stores as well and went to another garden. The Prophet ﷺ said “How many great clusters of (fruits) and spacious houses (awaits) Abu Dahdah.”
Just as Abu Dahdah volunteered all that he had for Allah, he equally volunteered his most valuable treasure – his life, for the sake of Allah.
On the Day of Uhud, he demonstrated a deep understanding of the (Ulloohiyyah) oneness of the Divinity of Allah. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stationed some men to watch a mountain path to prevent a surprise onslaught from the enemies. He took a pledge from them not to contravene his order. Unfortunately, the fifty archers the Messenger stationed to protect the mountain pass disobeyed his order.
The Companions of Allah’s Messenger ﷺ were caught off guard by a surprise attack from the mountain pass. Unable to withstand the onslaught, the ranks of the Muslims broke and some of the polytheists availed themselves of the opportunity to hit Allah’s Messenger ﷺ. At a point, they even thought he had been killed! They deliberately spread that through the ranks of the Muslims to demoralize them and to goad them into abandoning their religion. However, the faith of the Muslim was firmer than that, regardless of the severity of the onslaught and regardless of the numerous martyrs.
Thabit ibn Dahdah stood firm (in the face of this great trial) calling in a loud voice that resonated all around the mountain: “0 community of the Ansar! Come over to me! Come over to me! Even if Muhammad had been killed, Allah is Ever Living and will never die! Fight for the sake of your religion!” He had barely finished his call when a group of the Ansar gathered around him and together, they fell upon the polytheists in a deadly onslaught. However, in front of them were menacing weapons of the polytheists. Leading them were formidable men like Khalid bin Waleed, Amr bin Al-As, lkrimah bin Abu Jahl and Dharar bin Al Khattab. The battle raged between the Ansar and the polytheists. Khalid succeeded in mortally stabbing Thabit and he fell dead. Thereafter one after the other, the valiant warriors of the Ansar that fought alongside him also fell.
There, at the foot of the mountain of Uhud lie the bodies of the martyrs of this battle.
“But those who are killed in the way of Allah, He will never let their deeds be lost. He will guide them and set right their state. And admit them to Paradise which He has made known to them (i.e. they will know their places in Paradise more than they used to know their houses in the worlds).”
AMR BIN JAMUH
Do not prevent him, perhaps Allah might bless him with martyrdom
He is Amr bin Al-Jamuh bin Zaid, Al-Khazraji Al-Ansari. He participated in the Battle of Uhud along with his children, Mu’adh, Mu’awidh, and Khallad.
I Shall Enter Paradise!
Al-Waqidi said: “Amr did not witness the Battle of Badr for he was lame in one of his legs. When the Muslims marched forth for the Battle of Uhud, his sons prevented him from joining the Muslim forces. They said to him: ‘You have been excused.’ Amr was quite angry over his sons’ insistence on preventing him from fighting and he went to the Prophet ﷺ to complain about the action of his sons. He got a reprieve when Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said to his sons: ‘It is not (fitting) for you to prevent him. Perhaps Allah will grant him martyrdom.”‘
In another narration, Amr bin Jamuh said to his sons: “You prevented me from (entering) AI-Jannah in the Battle of Badr, by Allah, I shall enter Al-Jannah if Allah preserve my life (to witness another battle).”
On the day of Uhud, ‘Umar reported, “I did not have any concern other than for him. I sought him out (on the battlefield) and there he was in the front ranks of the Muslim army.”
His wife also reported: “I could still picture him as he took his shield in readiness for the battle along with the Muslim forces on the day of Uhud. He kept praying: “0 Allah! Do not send meback.” He was killed in that battle along with his son, Khallad.
‘Amr bin Jamuh mounted his camel, sword held tightly in his hand and his tongue fervent in dua asking Allah to grant him martyrdom and that he should not be sent back to his family disappointed.
An Escape to The Heavens
When When the two armies met, Amr bin Jamuh went to Allah’s Messenger ﷺ had said: “0 Allah’s Messenger, if I fight in the cause of Allah until I am killed, will I walk in Al-Jannah with my legs healthy?” Allah’s Messenger ﷺ responded, “Yes.”
He was killed in the battle along with his nephew and a freed slave of his. When Allah’s Messenger ﷺ came across his corpse, he said, “It’s as if I could see you walking in Paradise with your legs healthy.” Allah’s Messenger ﷺ ordered for their bodies and he buried him and his freed slave in one grave.
In yet another narration, on the Day of Uhud, Allah’s Messenger ﷺ called on the people: “Strand up for a Paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for Al Muttaqun.” And Amr stood even though he was lame in one of his legs and said: “I will be rewarded for it in Al-Jannah.”
He fought in the cause of Allah until he was killed. Malik said: “He and ‘Abdullah bin Amr bin Haram were wrapped in the same shroud and he was buried on the battlefield.
During the time of Muawiyah, flood ravaged their grave. When then bodies were exhumed to be reburied in another place, they were found intact as if they had died only yesterday. One of the two martyrs had been injured and he had placed his hand on his wound and had been buried in that posture. When the hand was removed from the wound (after they were exhumed), fresh blood gushed forth so his hand was replaced as it was. Between the date of the Battle of Uhud and the date of the exhumation was forty-six years. Such is how martyrdom is taken as a means of escape to the heavens. May Allah be pleased with him.”
UKASHAH BIN MUHSIN
He will Enter Paradise without Giving Account
Who Was He?
He was the fortunate martyr: Ukashah bin Muhsin bin Harthan bin Qays bin Mmrah Al-Asadi, ally of the Quraish.
He was among the forerunners and early converts to Islam. He was a participant in the Battle of Badr from the people of Jannah. He was nicknamed Abu Muhsin. He was among the chiefs of the Companions and one of their distinguished ones. He was one of the most handsome of men. He emigrated and participated in the battle of Badr and on that day, he attained great feats. He witnessed the battles of Uhud and Khandaq and all that came after them. May Allah be pleased with him.
Ibn Ishaq said: Ukashah bin Muhsin, ally of ibn ‘Abdush Shams bin’ Abd Manaf, fought on the Day of Badr with his sword until it broke in his hand. Then he came to Allah’s Messenger ﷺ and he gave him a piece of wood and said, “Fight with this, 0 Ukashah!” When he took it from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, he shook it and it turned into a long white steel-hard sword in his hand. He fought with it w1til Allah granted victory to the Muslims. That sword is known as Al-‘Aun. It never ceased to be with him while he witnessed several battles alongside Allah’s Messenger ﷺ until he was killed during the wars of apostasy while it (the sword) was with him.
The Prophet ﷺ appointed him to command a detachment of Al-Ghamr and they did not meet with evil machination.
The Great Triumph
This great master attained the glory of this world and the esteem of the Hereafter. Allah’s Messenger ﷺ had given him the glad tidings of being among the 70,000 that will enter Paradise without giving account!!! Bliss be yours, 0 fortunate martyr.
Ukahsah went forth along with Khalid bin Waleed in the days of the reign of As-Siddiq at Dhi Al Qisah. He sent him and Thabit bin Aqram to the front line against Talihah. They both met Talihah Al-Asadi – in the days of his apostasy – and his brother, Salamah and they fought both of them until they gain martyrdom.