Dawah | Patience
“By Al-‘Asr (the time). Verily! Man is in loss, except those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth and recommend one another to patience.” (Surah Al Asr)
We studied about Faith (which comes with Knowledge) and implementing it. But it is not sufficient that a person learns knowledge and acts himself and does not call to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. Rather he must call and invite others so that he benefits himself and benefits others, and because this knowledge is something he is entrusted with, it is not your personal property which you can hoard away and withhold from the people, when the people are in need of it. So what is obligatory upon you is to convey it and to explain it and to call the people to good. He the Most High said:
And when Allaah took the solemn agreement from those who were given the scripture, you must make it clear to the people and not conceal it[3:187]
This is a solemn agreement which Allaah took from the ‘ulemaa (people of knowledge) that they would make clear to the people that which Allaah has taught them, in order that the good should spread, and to bring the people out from the depths of darkness into light, and this was the work of the Messengers and of those who followed them. He the Most High said:
Say: “This is my way, I call to Allaah upon clear knowledge, I and those who follow me, and Perfect is Allaah and I am not from the people of shirk (those who associate others with Allaah).”[12:108]
The Prophet ﷺ said, “Convey from me even an Ayah of the Qur’an….” [Al-Bukhari].
This is the way of Messenger ﷺ and the way of his followers: knowledge, action and calling to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. So whoever does not call, and he has the ability to call, and he has knowledge and he conceals it, then he will be given a bridle of fire on the Day of Resurrection as occurs in the hadeeth.
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “He who is asked about knowledge (of religion) and conceals it, will be bridled with a bridle of fire on the Day of Resurrection.” (Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi, classed as Hasan Sahih by Albani).
Giving da’wah is in general a communal obligation. But practically in our times, one can argue that in many cases it becomes an individual fard that we’re all required to practice. This is because there are so few Muslims who have any correct knowledge of the religion, and so many who’re giving improper da’wah, teaching people innovations in religion and often shirk. In order to combat the da’wah of shaytan, we need to build the habit of calling people to Allah.
VIRTUES OF DAWAH
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said,
Giving Dawah is the way of the Prophets, It is the sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ. and those who followed him in righteousness. It is a sign of completeness of tawheed and strength of eeman. You are only comfortable in telling others to do something if you yourself believe it to be true. So giving da’wah is a fruit of eeman, it also strengthens one’s eeman by bringing one closer to Allah.
PILLARS OF GIVING DAWAH
The pillars which support the correct da’wah are clearly shown in the Book and the Sunnah, and can be summarized as follows:
SIMPLE WAYS TO DO DAWAH
It is from Allah’s grace upon us in these times that there are many ways to give da‘wah and sufficient opportunities for everyone to participate and benefit from its great rewards.
We should also direct our invitation to everyone, including immediate family, relatives, servants, guests, neighbors, colleagues and his friends.
Cooperation or collaborating in da‘wah is also important as there are many others striving to give the invitation whose skills and experience may benefit you and yours may benefit them. Learning from their experiences will help you to be more creative and upgrade your knowledge and da‘wah skills.
Since people are often at a loss as to how they should go about giving da‘wah, and use their ignorance as an excuse not to do anything, the following list of suggestions have been compiled from among the many possible ways to give da‘wah in order to make the way easier:
At the Work Place:
General Means of Da’wah:
Tips on how to begin Da’wah (To Non-Muslims)
PRACTICE WHAT YOU PREACH
“Do you enjoin righteousness upon others while you ignore your own selves, although you keep reciting the Book? Have you then no sense?”.(Surah Baqarah Ayah 44)
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:
DO NOT BE HARSH
Among the qualifications necessary for giving Dawah is that we should have patience, kindness, and gentleness with forbearing temperament as the prophets (peace be upon them) were.
Never should a Da`y be rushing, violent, or unduly strict. Rather, he/she has to be patient, forbearing and kind while practicing Da`wah. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:
The Prophet ﷺ is authentically reported to have said: “O Allah, whoever gains control over some affairs of my people and is hard upon them, be hard upon him, and whoever gains control over some affairs of my people and is kind to them, be kind to him.” (Sahih Muslim & Ahmad)
So, it is obligatory for us, slaves of Allah, to be kind in our Da`wah, and not to be harsh with people. We should not make people turn away from Islam because of our harshness, ignorance or violent, harmful approach. It is thus obligatory for us to be forbearing, gentle, pleasant and lenient in speech so that our words may have an effect on the heart of our brother/sister, or that it may have an effect on one toward whom our Da`wah is directed. As such, people will receive our Da`wah better, will be affected by it and will show appreciation. On the contrary, the Dawah presented to the people in a way that they dislike and is made unpleasant and detestable by having harshness, severity and recklessness causes disaffection, alienation, and division, not unity. Since these matters are even disliked in the affairs of the Duniya let alone in the matters of the Deen.
Advising about Refuted speakers/scholars
There are many speakers who are well known amongst the Ummah now because of their strong online presence but they have been refuted by Scholars that we shouldn’t be taking core knowledge from them. Now we see general people having a go at these speakers (which is against the etiquette of Muslims) and it is purely counter-productive. We should not just criticize instead we should offer alternatives of trusted scholars.
One of the reasons the general people do not want to hear against them is that they became practicing because of these speakers and so hold a special place in their hearts. You having a go at them will only take them further away from the right scholars and likely make them fans of these individuals.
DO NOT ARGUE
As we studied in the signs of Non-beneficial knowledge, how often do we see a person who just starts learning tend to get into arguments, discussions/healthy debates are good but arguments generally end up leaving a bitter feeling and the person being called resenting and getting further away from the truth.
The Prophet ﷺ said: “I guarantee a house in the surroundings of Paradise for a man who avoids quarrelling even if he were in the right…”(Abu Dawood, classed as Hasan by Albani)
Sufyaan said: “The scholar does not argue nor does he flatter (others). He only spreads the wisdom of Allaah. If it is accepted from him, he praises Allaah. And if it is rejected, he praises Allaah.”
Rules to follow to have a healthy and productive discussion
The general rule is that we do not get into arguments but that doesnt mean we avoid any kind of productive discussion or debate. If we make certain ground rules for our discussions we can hope for it to be rewarding InShaAllah.
Having patience upon harm which is encountered whilst carrying this out
The fourth Ayah in Surah Asr “…and recommend one another to patience “, this is having patience upon any harm encountered whilst carrying it out (Dawah).
It is known that whoever calls the people, and commands the good and forbids the evil, then he will be exposed to harm from the evil-doers, because many of the people do not want good, rather they want desires and forbidden things and false whims, so when someone comes who calls them to Allaah and who deters them away from their desires, then there will certainly be a reaction from them either in speech or in action.
If building a physical structure needs effort and patience until it is complete, then building souls and guiding them to the truth also needs patience and sacrifice. The Messenger ﷺ called people to Islam, patiently bearing the persecution of the disbelievers and hypocrites. They made fun of him and disbelieved in him; they insulted him and threw stones at him; they said that he was a sorcerer or a madman; they accused him of being a poet or a soothsayer – but he ﷺ bore all that with patience until Allah granted him victory and caused His Religion to prevail. So the da’iyah must follow his example:
“So be patient (O Muhammad). Verily, the Promise of Allah is true; and let not those who have no certainty of Faith discourage you from conveying Allah’s Message (which you are obliged to convey)” [al-Rum 30:60 – interpretation of the meaning]
Imam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said: “Whoever proceeds upon the Straight Path that the Messengerﷺand his companions were upon, let him make himself get used to trouble from the ignoramuses and Ahlul-Bid’ah, such as them belittling him, attacking him, warning against him.”
So what is one who calls to Allaah and desires the Face of Allaah should do is to have patience upon the harm, and he should persist in calling to Allaah, and his example in that regard will be the Messengers ‘alaihimussalaatu wassalaam, and the best of them and their seal is Muhammad ﷺ, and whatever harm befalls him then it will be reward from Allaah the Perfect and Most High, upon the scale of his good deeds.
Allah SWT says:“And that there is not for man except that [good] for which he strives. And that his effort is going to be seen – then he will be rewarded for it with the fullest reward.” (Surah An-Najm, 39-41)
As indicated in the verses above, Allah SWT won’t necessarily see who is number one on the results chart, but rather who used their maximum effort (in line with the correct intention for His sake). The human being will have nothing benefiting them except the efforts they made. Notice how Allah SWT never said ‘the perfect prayer or X or Y good deed’– he didn’t highlight the act itself – rather, he is highlighting the sa’ee (effort) – the striving, the struggle, the exertion.
What better judge than Allah?
Part of the perfection of Allah and His infinite mercy, is that by looking at our efforts (& of course, intentions!), He is rewarding us for the hidden just as much as the apparent. Unlike the interviewer who didn’t appreciate the days you spent preparing for the interview, or the examiner who never saw the countless nights spent in the library, Allah judges us by something that often goes unrecognised by the human mind. By others, we are judged by our results, but by Allah, we are judged in the unseen, and in the best and most just of ways. After all, “…who is better than Allah in judgement for a people who are certain [in faith].” (Surah Al-Maidah, Verse 50)
May Allah make us all amongst the people who learn, implement and preach.
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