HAMD & TAWAKKUL
PRAISING & RELYING ON HIM S.W.T.
ADHKAAR WITH PRAISE OF ALLAH
سُبْحـانَ اللهِ وَبِحَمْـدِهِ عَدَدَ خَلْـقِه ، وَرِضـا نَفْسِـه ، وَزِنَـةَ عَـرْشِـه ، وَمِـدادَ كَلِمـاتِـه
Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, `adada khalqihi, wa rida nafsihi, wa zinatah `arshihi, wa midada kalimatihi
[Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with His praise, as many times as the number of His creatures, in accordance with His Good Pleasure, equal to the weight of His Throne and equal to the ink that may be used in recording the words (for His Praise)].”
Juwairiyah bint Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with her), the Mother of the Believers, reported:
The Prophet ﷺ came out from my apartment in the morning as I was busy in performing the dawn prayer. He came back in the forenoon and found me sitting there. The Prophet ﷺ said, “Are you still in the same position as I left you.” I replied in the affirmative. Thereupon the Prophet ﷺ said, “I recited four words three times after I had left you. If these are to be weighed against all you have recited since morning, these will be heavier”. These are (the above).” [Muslim].
EASY ON THE TONGUE
The Prophet ﷺ said, “There are two expressions which are very easy for the tongue to say, but they are very heavy in the balance and are very dear to The Beneficent (Allah), and they are, ‘Subhan Allah Al- `Azim and ‘Subhan Allah wa bihamdihi.‘” (Bukhari)
Allah listens to those who Praise Him
سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ
Sami ‘Allaahu liman Hamidah
“Allah listens to him who praises Him”
We even reply to this statement by saying:
اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ
Rabbana wa laka’l-hamd
O Allah, our Lord, to Thee be the praise
We also acknowledge by saying all praise be to Allah in every single Rakah.
ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ
Al Hamdu lillāhi Rabbi l-‘ālamīn
All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
We recite these in every prayer, obligatory or optional, we say it but how many of us actually know what it means? Ponder over it? And act upon it?
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “There is no one to whom praise is more dear than Allah, and because of that He praised Himself. And there is no one whose protective jealousy is greater than Allah’s, and because of that He forbade immoral actions.” (Bukhari & Muslim)
Allah, may He be exalted, has no need of the worlds and their praise and righteous deeds. No matter what bad or good deeds they do, they cannot cause any harm to reach Allah, and they cannot cause any benefit to reach Him. He, may He be glorified and exalted, has no need of them, but they are in need of Him, as He, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “O mankind! it is you who stand in need of Allah, but Allah is Rich (Free of all wants and needs), Worthy of all praise” [Faatir 35:15].
But Allah, may He be exalted, loves for His slaves to obey Him, think positively of Him and give thanks to Him, and not to be ungrateful towards Him, for many great and wise reasons, of which we will mention some here:
An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said in his commentary on the hadith quoted above: in fact this is in people’s best interests, because they praise Him, may He be glorified and exalted, and He rewards them, thus they will benefit, whereas Allah, may He be glorified, has no need of people and their praise does not benefit Him, and if they do not praise Him that does not harm Him.
COUNTING OUR BLESSINGS
It was narrated from Mu’aadh ibn Jabal that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ took his hand and said: “O Mu’aadh, by Allah I love you, by Allah I love you.” Then he ﷺ said, “I advise you, O Mu’aadh, do not fail following every prayer to say: O Allah help me to remember You, thank You and worship You properly.” (Abu Dawood and al-Nasaa’i).
The Messenger of Allaah ﷺ said: “The one among you who wakes up secure in his property, healthy in his body and has his food for the day, it is as if the whole world were brought to him.” (al-Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad and al-Tirmidhi)
And here we are, complaining about every little thing that we do not have (or so we think).
When in fact Gratitude for blessings is a cause of them being increased, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed: ‘If you give thanks (by accepting faith and worshipping none but Allah), I will give you more (of My blessings); but if you are thankless (i.e. disbelievers), verily, My punishment is indeed severe’” [14:7]
May Allah make us amongst those who praise Him and thank Him for the immense blessings He has bestowed upon us, from health (sight, sound mind, ability to talk & listen, etc), wealth, family,
The Prophet ﷺ said this (below) Dua every morning & evening and also used to teach his companions to (Ibn Majah, Tirmidhi – Sahih)
اللّهُـمَّ بِكَ أَصْـبَحْنا وَبِكَ أَمْسَـينا ، وَبِكَ نَحْـيا وَبِكَ نَمـوتُ وَإِلَـيْكَ النِّـشور .
‘O Allah, by your leave we have reached the morning and by Your leave we have reached the evening, by Your leave we live and die and unto You is our resurrection.’
(Ibn Majah, Sahih)
In the evening
اللّهُـمَّ بِكَ أَمْسَـينا، وَبِكَ أَصْـبَحْنا، وَبِكَ نَحْـيا، وَبِكَ نَمـوتُ وَإِلَـيْكَ المَصـير .
‘O Allah, by Your leave we have reached the evening and by Your leave we have reached the morning, by Your leave we live and die and unto You is our return.’
حَسْبِـيَ اللّهُ لا إلهَ إلاّ هُوَ عَلَـيهِ تَوَكَّـلتُ وَهُوَ رَبُّ العَرْشِ العَظـيم
Hasbiyallaahu laa ‘ilaaha ‘illaa Huwa ‘alayhi tawakkaltu wa Huwa Rabbul-‘Arshil-‘Adheem .
Allah is sufficient for me . There is none worthy of worship but Him . I have placed my trust in Him, He is Lord of the Majestic Throne
Abu’d-Darda’ (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “Whoever says in the morning and in the evening (the above), seven times, Allah, may He be exalted, will suffice him for what concerns him,” (Abu Dawood).
اللّهُـمَّ ما أَصْبَـَحَ بي مِـنْ نِعْـمَةٍ أَو بِأَحَـدٍ مِـنْ خَلْـقِك ، فَمِـنْكَ وَحْـدَكَ لا شريكَ لَـك ، فَلَـكَ الْحَمْـدُ وَلَـكَ الشُّكْـر
Allaahumma maa ‘asbaha bee min ni’matin ‘aw bi’ahadin min khalqika faminka wahdaka laa shareeka laka, falakal-hamdu wa lakash-shukru.
O Allah! Whatever blessing has entered morning upon me or anyone from your creation, it comes from you alone you have no partner; for you is praise and gratefulness.
In the evening he should say (amsa) instead of (asbaha).
“Whoever recites this in the morning, has completed his obligation to thank Allah for that day; and whoever says it in the evening, has completed his obligation for that night”. (Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i ‘Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah (no. 7), Ibn As-Sunni (no. 41), Ibn Hibban (no. 2361). Its chain of transmission is good (Hasan), Ibn Baz, p. 24).
يا حَـيُّ يا قَيّـومُ بِـرَحْمَـتِكِ أَسْتَـغـيث ، أَصْلِـحْ لي شَـأْنـي كُلَّـه ، وَلا تَكِلـني إِلى نَفْـسي طَـرْفَةَ عَـين
Yaa Hayyu yaa Qayyoomu birahmatika ‘astagheethu ‘aslih lee sha’nee kullahu wa laa takilnee ‘ilaa nafsee tarfata ‘aynin.
O Ever Living One, O Eternal One, by Your mercy I call on You to set right all my affairs. Do not place me in charge of my soul even for the blinking of an eye (i.e. a moment).
WHEN LEAVING HOME
(Not from the Morning & Evening Adhkaar)
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ
Bismillāhi, Tawakkaltu `alallāhi, wa lā ḥawla wa lā Quwwata illā Billāh.
“In the name of Allah, I trust in Allah; there is no might and no power but in Allah,”
The Prophet ﷺ said: “When a man goes out of his house and says: (the above), the following will be said to him at that time: “You are guided, defended and protected.” The devils will go far from him and another devil will say: How can you deal with a man who has been guided, defended and protected?“ (Abu Dawood, Sahih)
Subḥān alladhī sakh-khara lanā hādhā wa mā kunnā lahū muqrinīn. Wa innā ilā rabbinā lamunqalibūn
Glory is to Him Who has subjected this to us, and we were not able to do it. And, surely, to our Lord are we returning
Then he would say:
Allāhumma innī as’aluka fī safarī hādhā minal-birri wat-taqwā, wa minal-`amali mā tarḍā. Allāhumma hawwin `alainal-masīra, waṭwi `annā bu`dal-arḍ. Allāhumma antaṣ-ṣāḥibu fis safari wal-khalīfatu fil-ahli. Allāhumma aṣḥabnā fī safarinā wakhlufnā fī ahlinā
“O Allah, I ask You in this journey of mine from the righteousness and piety and actions that which you are pleased with. O Allah, ease for us the path, and make near for us the distance of the land. O Allah, You are the companion in the journey, and the caretaker for the family. O Allah, accompany us in our journey, and take care of our families
And when he would return to his family, he would say:
Ā’ibūna in shā’ Allāh, tā’ibūna `ābidūna lirabbinā hāmidūn
“(We are) Returning, if Allah wills, repenting, worshipping, and to our Lord directing the praise
*(All three duas narrated in a hadeeth narrated in Tirmidhi, classed as Sahih)
BENEFITS & NEED OF TAWAKKUL
Allaah, from His Names is Al-Wakeel the Trustworthy Disposer of Affairs) meaning: the One to Whom the affairs of His servants are entrusted, He the Perfect and Most High.
Allah, may He be exalted, tells us the story of the believer of the household of Pharaoh and what he said to his people: “ ‘And you will remember what I [now] say to you, and I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah is Seeing of [His] servants.’ So Allah protected him from the evils they plotted, and the people of Pharaoh were enveloped by the worst of punishment” [Ghaafir 40:44-45].
This verse is like another verse (interpretation of the meaning): “Those to whom hypocrites said, ‘Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.’ But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said, ‘Sufficient for us is Allah , and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs.’ So they returned with favor from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them. And they pursued the pleasure of Allah , and Allah is the possessor of great bounty” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:173-174].
Entrusting one’s affairs to Allah, may He be exalted, means relying on Allah alone. Entrusting one’s affairs to Allah, may He be exalted, and relying on Him is something that is required in all one’s affairs, both religious and worldly. Allah says:
For example entrusting one’s affairs to Allah with regard to raising children means relying on Allah, may He be exalted, and turning to Him to achieve this goal (Dua, working for it and having good expectation of Allah). Relying on Allah is one of the most important acts of worship.
But relying on Allah and entrusting one’s affairs to Him in the correct sense must be accompanied by taking permissible measures, as is indicated in the hadith of Anas ibn Maalik, who said: A man said: O Messenger of Allah, should I tie up [my camel] and rely on Allah, or should I leave it loose and rely on Him? He said: “Tie it up and rely [on Allah].” (at-Tirmidhi; classed as hasan)
Let’s strive to understand and apply tawakkul in our daily lives. Because when you taste that amazing feeling of peace in your mind, strength in your limbs, and the breeze of tranquility in your heart, you’ll never want to be without it again!
Train yourself to have tawakkul and you’ll notice that things will not only get resolved more easily with His help, but tawakkul will also relieve you from your daily worries.
Finally, before making any effort, remind yourself of these 3 steps:
May Allah subhanahu wa ta’alaa make our words and actions the result of tawakkul, aid us to use all His blessings the best way we can while depending on Him, and strengthen us with unshakable belief in His Decree by accepting whatever He chooses to be the outcome, ameen!
Please do this assignment before taking the test, there will be a question asked about the Assignment worth 10 marks in the test:-
DISCUSSING WITH FRIENDS/FAMILY
There will be a question asked in the Test paper about the Assignment, you will have to mention what you did to get the marks accordingly.
May Allah make us all amongst those who call others to good by spreading the Deen of Allah and help us in this noble path.