Class 3 ‘Who is your Lord?’

Class 3

‘Who is your Lord?’

As we learnt in the previous chapter, when the servant is placed within his grave and the dirt
is cast upon him and the people depart from him returning to their families, the two angels
will come to him in his grave. They will make him sit up in his grave and they will say to him:
 Who is your Lord?
 What is your religion?
 Who is your Prophet?
The believer will say:
“My Lord is Allah; my religion is Al-Islaam; and Muhammad ﷺ is my Prophet.”
So, it will be said to him:
“How do you know this?”
He will say:
“I read Allah’s Book; so, I knew and recognized (the truth).”
Then a caller will proclaim:
“My slave has spoken truthfully. So, spread a bed for him from Paradise and open a door for
him into Paradise.”
His grave will be expanded for him as far as the eye can see and the scent and aroma of
Paradise will come to him and he will look at his place in Paradise, so he will say:
“Oh my Lord, establish the Hour so that I may return to my family and possessions.”
As for the doubter who lived in doubt and skepticism without certainty, even if he claimed
Islam, since he had doubt and skepticism in the religion of Allah, such as the hypocrite, then
he will stutter .
When he is asked the three questions he will say I don’t know, or “Ah, Ah, I don’t know. I
heard the people saying something So, I said it.”
Meaning: He, within the Dunyaa, said what the people said without having Eemaan, and the
refuge is with Allah. This is the hypocrite who outwardly displays Islam, but he does not
believe within his heart. He only outwardly displays it for some worldly benefit or social
pressures. So, he says within the Dunyaa: Allah is my Lord. Yet, he does not believe it. His
heart rejects it, and the refuge is with Allah. He says,“My religion is Al-Islaam.” Yet he does
not believe in Al-Islaam. His heart rejects it. He says,“My Prophet is Muhammad ﷺ“ Yet
he does not believe in the Messengership of Muhammad ﷺ within his heart and prefers
actions of others over him. He only says it with his tongue.
It will be said to him, “You did not know nor did you follow the path of those who knew.”

So, he will be struck with a large iron hammer from which he will scream in such a manner
that if the two classes (Jinn and mankind) were to hear him they would pass out. Everything
except mankind will hear it, and if they heard it, they would pass out.
His grave will become constricted upon him until his ribs cave in upon each other. A door to
the Fire will be opened for him and its hot wind and heart will come to him, and he will say:
“O my Lord, do not establish the Hour.”
This is his life and state within the grave, and the refuge is with Allah. This is because he did
not respond with the upright answer. Due to this, a caller will proclaim:
“My servant has lied. So, spread for him a bed from the Fire and open for him a door from
the Fire.”
The refuge is with Allah.
Since these questions have such importance, it is obligatory upon us to learn them and
believe in them, and not to suffice with simply learning them. Rather, we learn them, we
believe in them, we have Eemaan in them, and we act upon them as long as we are alive, in
hopes that Allah will make us firm when being questioned in the grave.

Who is Your Lord?
Inorder for us to be able to answer this question we should first try to Learn about Allah so
that we know our Lord and secondly we should fulfil His rights over us, so that we are not
amongst the hypocrites who said it in this world but still are not able to answer this first
question in the Grave.

Know Your Lord
Who do you Worship? Who do you Bow to? Who do you Prostrate to? Now the answer to all
of them is Allah but then what else do we know about Allah? Now think if we know more
about Him then how much would we enjoy our ibaadah, we wouldn’t do it just because it is
fard but becuase we would want to.
The greatest, most excellent and most honourable knowledge is that of Allaah, Most High,
His Names, Attributes, and Actions, the knowledge of His deen and of His Messenger
(Peace be upon him) with love and magnification, being pleased with it all.
The ranks of people with respect to this knowledge varies to a great extent. Some people
know of Allaah by virtue of His Generosity, Bounties, and Favors, others know of Him
through His Forgiveness, Clemency, and Pardoning, others through His Knowledge and
Wisdom, others recognize Him by His Might and Majesty, others by His Mercy, Goodness,
Kindness, and Courtesy, others by His Subduing and Sovereignty, and others by the fact
that He answers their supplications, and fulfills their needs, and relieves their grief.
The one who is most comprehensive in his knowledge of Allaah, knows of Him by means of
His own Words. He knows a Rabb to whom belongs the Most Majestic and Perfect
Attributes. Far is He removed from having anything comparable to Him or any equal; free
from all kinds of defects and imperfections; qualified with every beautiful Name and every
perfect Attribute; Doer of what He intends (wills); Above everything [istawaa (ascended)
upon the ‘arsh above the seven heavens] and with everything [He encompasses everything

with His Knowledge, Ability, Authority, and so forth from the meanings of His ruboobiyyah,
while He is the Most High, above everything]; the One who is Able to do everything; the One
Who manages the affairs of everything. He commands and forbids. He speaks the legislative
and universal words. He is Greater than everything, and He is the Most Beautiful. the Most
Merciful, the All-Able, the All-Wise.

How do we learn about our Lord
The scholars have mentioned that there are two ways from Quran & Sunnah to learn about
Allah: –

  1. Asma was Siffaat (His Names & Attributes).
  2. Pondering over His Creations.

Asma was Siffaat (His Names & Attributes).
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Allah has ninety-nine names; anyone who memorizes
them will enter Jannah (Paradise).
This Hadith urges us to consider carefully, ponder over, memorize and learn the Names of
Allah, so that we can benefit from their great meanings, gain Khushu` (the heart being
submissively attuned to the act of worship), obey Allah and fulfill our duty towards
Him(Glorified and Exalted be He). Anyone who memorizes the Names of Allah, fulfills their
duties towards Him, and shuns the major sins will be admitted to Jannah.

1- Allaah: The One Who is truly venerated and worshipped. The One deserving that He be
singled out with all worship because of His Perfect Attributes of Divinity.
2- Al-Ahad: The Unique. The One Who is Alone and Unique in every sense. The One Alone
in His Oneness, in His Self, and His Attributes. Alone in His Divinity.
3- Al-A’laa: The Most High. The One Who is above everything, having power and control
over everything. And The One Who is Exalted above every deficiency.
4- Al-Akram: The Most Generous. The One unequalled in His Perfect Generosity.
5- Al-Ilaah: The One Who Alone deserves to be worshipped.
6- Al-Awwal: The First Who was before everything without any beginning.
7- Al-Aakhir: The Last. The One Who remains after everything else, without any end.
8- Adh-Dhaahir: The Uppermost One. The One such that nothing is above Him. He is
above everything, and He encompasses everything with His Knowledge.
9- Al-Baatin: The Innermost One, The One Who encompasses and knows the innermost
secrets of everything.
10- Al-Baari`: The Originator. The One Who – by His Power – originated and created and
fashioned the created beings upon their separate forms without any prior example to follow.
And Who created and fashioned the souls in the wombs.

11- Al-Barr: The Most Benign and Kind. The One Who treats the creation in an excellent
and kind manner, Who does not interrupt His fine treatment of them, and Who rectifies their
affairs for them.
12- Al-Baseer: The All-Seeing. The One Who sees everything, such that nothing
whatsoever is hidden from Him.
13- At-Tawwab: The one Who guides His servants to repent, and accepts their repentance.
The One Who guides the servants that they should repent to Him, grants to them that they
should repent, and accepts their repentance again and again.
14- Al-Jabbaar: The Exalted and Almighty Compeller. The One to Whose Might everything
in the creation submits. The Exalted One Who rectifies the affairs of His creation for them,
and Who restores the weak and the broken-hearted.
15- Al-Haafidh: The Protector. The One Who Alone guards and protects the heavens and
the earth and whatever they contain, and Who protects His servants from destruction and
from evil.
16- Al-Haseeb: The Reckoner Who suffices. The One Who preserves the deeds of the
creation and will bring them to account for them. And The One Who suffices and protects His
17- Al-Hafeedh: The Guardian. The One Who protects the servants from harm. And Who
perfectly perserves whatever deeds His servants have done – not losing any of their deeds.
And The One Who preserves and protects His beloved servants from falling into sins and
from Satan.
18- Al-Hafee: The Benevolent. The One Who is ever kind to His servants and ever
responding to supplication.
19- al-Haqq: The True One. The One True and Certain in His existence, in His Self, in His
Attributes, in His Sayings, and in His Actions.
20- Al-Mubeen: The Clear and Manifest One. The One Whose sole Lordship and right to
worship is clear and manifest.
21- Al-Hakeem: The All-Wise. The One completely Wise in everything He decrees, and
completely Wise in His Sayings, and in His Actions. There is no deficiency in anything He
decrees, says or does.
22- Al-Haleem: The Forbearing. The One Who does not immediately punish His servants for
their sins, their Shirk or their Kufr. But rather, He gives them the opportunity to repent.
23- Al-Hameed: The One Who is deservedly praised. The One Who is praised and
completely deserves to be praised for His Self, His Perfect Names and Attributes, and for
His Perfect Actions.
24- Al-Hayy: The Ever-Living Who always remains without any beginning or any end, with
Perfect and Ever-Lasting Life, Who never dies nor passes away.
25- Al-Qayyoom: The Self-Subsisting One upon Whom everything depends. The One Who
sustains everything that exists. The One Who has no need whatsoever of anything but rather
everything in existence has total need of Him.

26- Al-Khabeer: The All-Aware. The One knowing completely everything that is, has been,
or will be. Knowing whatever will bring harm or benefit. Knowing the true condition of
everything and the outcome of everything.
27- Al-Khaaliq: The Creator and Maker of everything. The One Who brought everything into
existence after it had previously not existed.
28- Al-Khallaaq: The Creator Who creates again and again. The One for Whom it is not
difficult to create anything.
29- Ar-Raauf: The Compassionate and Kind. The One Who is Kind and Compassionate to
His servants.
30- Ar-Rahmaan: The Extremely Merciful. The Merciful One Who has Mercy as His
attribute. The One possessing tremendous and extensive Mercy.
31- Ar-Raheem: The Bestower of Mercy. The One Who has mercy upon the creation. The
difference between Ar-Rahmaan and Ar-Raheem is Ar-Rahmaan is with regards to the
attribute of Allaah’s Self, the attribute He has of extreme Mercy. Ar-Raheem is His bestowing
mercy upon the creation, with regards to His action.
** 32- Ar-Razzaaq: The Great Provider. The One Who provides extensively for the whole of
creation, whatever they need. And Who also provides the provision of beneficial knowledge
and Eemaan for the hearts of His obedient servants, indicating a Rizq that is general that
which is for the whole creation, that He provides whatever the whole creation needs as
regards to provision and sustenence.
33- Ar-Raqeeb: The Ever Watchful Guardian. The One Who misses nothing whatsoever,
aware of all deeds and whatever thoughts are contained in the hearts of the creation.
34- As-Salaam: The Flawless One, without any fault. The One free from all imperfections
and deficiencies, because of His Perfection in His Self, His Attributes and His Actions, and
The One Who renders His creation safe from punishing anyone who does not deserve
punishment, and Who renders the creation safe from His oppressing them.
35- As-Samee’: The All-Hearing. The One Who has perfect hearing as His attribute. The
One Who hears everything within the creation – even that which is most quiet and secret.
36- Ash-Shaakir: The Appreciative. The One Who rewards a small deed with a great
reward, as mentioned by At-Tabaree and Ibn Katheer in their tafseers in explanation of it.
37- Ash-Shakoor: The One Most Ready to appreciate and reward abundantly. The One
Who rewards abundantly and multiplies the rewards of His obedient servants for their deeds

  • deeds which He Himself favored them with, deeds which He Himself granted to them. The
    One Who does not allow any of their deeds to be lost.
    38- Ash-Shaheed: The Witness. The One Who witnesses everything – that which is
    apparent and that which is hidden.
    39- As-Samad: The Perfect Lord and Master upon Whom all of creation depends. The Lord
    and Master Whose control is complete. Upon Whom the whole of creation depends for its
    needs, because of His Perfection in His Self, His Names, His Attributes and His Actions. The
    One Who remains and never passes away. The One Who neither eats nor drinks. Free of all

40- Al-‘Aalim: The All-Knower of the seen and unseen. The Knower of whatever is hidden
and whatever is manifest, clear, apparent.
41- Al-‘Azeez: The Almighty. The Invincible. The Almighty One Whom nothing can
overcome. The One Mighty in vengeance when He punishes His enemies. The All-Powerful
One Who overcomes all, and before Whose Might all submit, and Who has no need of
42- Al-‘Adheem: The Tremendous One, or The Magnificent. The One Tremendous in
Greatness, and The Only One deservingly held in awe and venerated by the creation for His
Greatness in every sense.
43- Al-‘Afuww: The One Who pardons again and again. The One Who continues to pardon
the sins of His servants, and leaves off punishment for them. The One Who pardons His
slaves so that they do not suffer the consequences of their sins if they repent.
44- Al-‘Aleem: The All-Knowing. “The One Who knows everything in the seven heavens and
the seven earths and whatever is between them and whatever is beneath the ground and
whatever is in the depths of the oceans and who knows the places where every hair grows
and every tree and the place where every leaf falls and the number of stones there are and
the number of the grains of sand and the number of grains of soil and the weight of the
mountains and all of the actions of the servants and the traces they leave behind and their
speech and every breathe they take. He knows everything. Nothing is hidden from Him while
He is above the Throne, above the seven heavens. He, The Perfect and Most High.” So He
knows whatever was, whatever is, and whatever will be before it occurs, and He knows the
true and hidden reality of everything, and He knows whatever is not going to be, and how it
would be if it were to exist. He has always been The All-Knowing, Perfect in His knowledge.
45- Al-‘Alee: The Exalted One. Exalted in His Attributes and His Greatness, High above
what the wrongdoers say. The One Who is Himself above the creation, ascended above the
Throne, and The One Who has ascendancy over the creation by His Might.
46- Al-Ghaffaar: The Oft-Forgiving. The One Who forgives the sins of His servants again
and again whenever the servant repents, and Who hides the sins of His servants, and does
not expose them.
47- Al-Ghafoor: The One Who forgives extensively. The One Who covers up the sins of the
servants to an extent that cannot even be comprehended, and Who forgives them so that He
does not punish them for their sins.
48- Al-Ghanee: The Independent One Who is free of all need. The One Who has no need
whatsoever of the creation. The One Who is free from any poverty or need. The One in
Whose Hand are the treasures of the heavens and the earth, and of this world and the
49- Al-Fattaah: The Judge and Opener Who distinguishes the truth from falsehood. The
Judge Who judges between His servants with the truth and with justice with His legislation
and with His decree. And Who is never unjust, and The One Who opens the gates of mercy
and provision and whatever is closed to His servants. And Who opens the eyes and hearts
of His servants for them to see the truth. And The One Who aids and grants victory to His
believing servants. And Who distinguishes the truth from falsehood.
50- Al-Qaadir: The Completely Able One. The One completely able to do anything He wills.
Nothing renders Him incapable or wearies Him..

51- Al-Qaahir: The Invincible Subduer. The One Who subdues His creation from above. The
One to Whom everything submits. None can repel what He ordains or depart from what He
52- Al-Quddoos: The Pure and Perfect. The Pure and Exalted One. High above every
53- Al-Qadeer: The All-Powerful. The One Who is able to do all things; nothing renders Him
incapable or wearies Him. The One Perfect in His Power. The One Who – by His power –
created everything in existence. And with His power, He controls them, completes them and
gives life and death to them. And with His power, He will resurrect His servants, and reward
and punish them.
54- Al-Qareeb: The One Who is Near. The One Who is Near to the servants. He draws
nearer to those who perform acts of worship and seek nearness to Him, And He is close to
their hearts. He is near to everyone who makes supplication to Him. In addition, He is near
to the people with His knowledge and awareness, witnessing and encompassing everything
while He is above the Throne (‘Arsh).
55- Al-Qawee: The One Perfect in Strength. The One completely able to do anything. None
can overcome Him. None can repel His decrees.
56- Al-Qahhaar: The Overwhelming Subduer Who is never overcome. The One Who alone
subdues the whole of the creation with His sovereign authority and Power. Nothing occurs
except with His permission. Everything submits to Him.
57- Al-Kabeer: The Incomparably Great. The Tremendous One Who is greater than
everything. Everything else is insignificant before Him. He is greater than anything imagined
by the creation. Whatever they imagine, He is greater than that.
58- Al-Kareem: The Bountiful, The Generous One. The One so generous that He even
bestows favors upon those who reject His favors, and use them as a means to disobey Him.
59- Al-Lateef: The Subtle and Kind. Who is kind to them, and causes that which is good for
them to reach them by a means which they had no expectation of.
60- Al-Mu`min: The True and Trustworthy. The Granter of security. The One Who is true in
His words and true in His promise which He has made to the servants, and Who does not
disappoint His believing servants. The One Who safeguards His servants in this world and
the hereafter, and Who renders His believing servants safe from His punishment, and Who
renders the whole of the creation safe from His oppressing them.
61- Al-Muta’aali: The Supreme and Exalted One. The One supremely Exalted above
everything by His power. The One Exalted above His creation in His being above them,
having power over them, and His subduing them.
62- Al-Mutakabbir: The One Supreme in Glory. The Justly and Rightfully Proud. The One
Who is Alone, truly High and Mighty, Exalted in glory above everything. The One Who
disdains – and is Exalted above – all evil and oppression against His servants, and above
everything not befitting Him.
63- Al-Mateen: The Strong. The One Mighty in strength. The Powerful One Whose strength
does not end, and Who does not experience any difficulty in His actions. Nor does He
experience any tiredness.

64- Al-Mujeeb: The Responsive. The Who responds to supplications of those who call upon
Him wherever they are and whatever situation they are in – no matter how many they are in
number. And Who responds in particular to those who submit to Him and those in dire need.
65- Al-Majeed: The One Perfect in Glory and Honor. The One Great in Honor. The One
greatly extolled and praised. The Magnificent One, having the attributes of glory, majesty,
greatness, and splendour. The One greater, more tremendous, and more exalted than
everything. The One glorified and venerated in the hearts of His beloved servants.
66- Al-Muheet: The All-Encompassing. The One Who encompasses everything with His
power and His knowledge, and has completely enumerated everything. And The One Who
encompasses everything with His mercy and His subjugation.
67- Al-Musawwir: The Bestower of forms. The One Who forms and fashions His creation
however He wills. The One Who gives form to everything in existence, giving each created
thing a particular form and appearance which distinguishes it from all other created things.
68- Al-Muqtadir: The Omnipotent. The One Whose power is absolute. The One for Whom
nothing is impossible. He is completely able to do whatever He wills.
69- Al-Muqeet: The All-Powerful Maintainer. The All-Powerful. The Guardian Who witnesses
everything. The One Who provides each created being with the sustenance it requires.
70- Al-Malik: The King. The sole, absolute and true sovereign King. Complete and Perfect in
His Kingship. The One Who there is no kingship above His Kingship, nor anywhere near it.
The King of all kings.
71- Al-Maleek: The Omnipotent Sovereign. The Sovereign Who is completely able to do
whatever He wills. The Tremendous King Who created and decreed everything.
72- Al-Mawla: The Patron Lord, or The Master and Supporter. The One Who supports and
aids the creation, supporting all of them in general and aiding the believers in particular. The
Lord and Master Who aids the believers against their enemies. The One Who causes
whatever will benefit His believing servants to reach them.
73- Al-Muhaymin: The Trustworthy and Ever Watchful Witness. The One Who witnesses all
the deeds and sayings of the creation. The One Who sent down His Book, and is a Witness
to His Truth. The Trustworthy One Who confirms the Truth of everything He says. And The
Ever Watching Guardian over His creation.
74- Al-Naseer: The Helper. The One Who aids the believers against their enemies, and
makes their feet firm when they face their enemy, and Who casts terror into the hearts of
their enemies.
75- Al-Waahid: The One and Only. The One Who always has been and always will be One
and Alone with regards to His Self (Dhaat). The One Who has no partner, no sharer, and no
76- Al-Waarith: The Inheritor. The One Who remains forever. The One Who remains after
everything else perishes. The One Who inherits the earth and everything upon it. The One
Who remains forever and never passes away.
77- Al-Waasi’: The Vast One. The One vast with regards to His Attributes, such that none
encompass and fulfill the praise due to Him. The One vast and tremendous in His greatness,
His authority, and His sovereignty. And The One Who encompasses the whole of creation

with His generosity, His blessings, and with the tremendous good that He grants to them,
and with His mercy.
78- Al-Wadood: The Loving One, and The Beloved One. The One Who loves His believing
servants, and The One Who is loved by them. The One Who loves His Prophets and
Messengers, and their followers, and is loved by them such that nothing is more beloved to
them than Him.
79- Al-Wakeel: The Trustworthy Disposer of affairs. The One Who is depended upon and is
true to His promise. The All-Encompassing Guardian Who suffices those who place their
trust and reliance in Him. The One Who takes care of the affairs of His creation with His
perfect knowledge and power, and so is the finest disposer of their affairs.
80- Al-Walee: The Guardian Lord. The One Who aids, assists, guides and grants success to
the believers. The Guardian. The Master of everything, in control of everything.
81- Al-Wahhaab: The Bestower. The One Who bestows His bounties universally and
perpetually, giving them freely for no compensation. The One Who gives His bounties
throughout the ages to all the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth. The One Who alone
grants health, wellbeing and strength. The One Who grants guidance, successful attainment
of what is correct, tawfeeq, and firmness upon His Religion to the believers.
82- Al-Jameel: The Beautiful One. The One beautiful in His Self, His Names, His Attributes,
and His Actions. The One such that everything beautiful in existence is a result and an effect
of His beauty. The One so beautiful that when the people of Paradise see Him, they forget
all the delights and bliss which they enjoy in Paradise because of His beauty. The One
perfect in beauty such that nothing is like Him.
83- Al-Jawwaad: The Munificent. The One Whose generosity covers everything in
existence. The One Who gives liberally and generously to those in need – even when they
reject and disbelieve in Him. The One Who – from His generosity – has prepared in Paradise
for His believing servants that which no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and
which has never been imagined by anyone.
84- Al-Hakam: The Judge. The One Who judges between the creation in this world by His
Revelation, and Who judges between them in the Hereafter with His knowledge, and Who
establishes justice for those Who have been wronged by others.
85- Al-Hayiyyu: The One Who honorably disdains anything unbecoming His mercy and
generosity. The One Who honorably disdains to leave the servants who supplicate to Him
empty-handed. The One Who covers up the sins of the servants, and does not expose them.
The One Who does not do anything unbecoming His extensive mercy, His perfect
generosity, and His forbearance. Rather, He pardons the faults of the servants and He
covers them.
86- Ar-Rabb: The Lord and Nurturer. The Lord and Master Who has none like Him in His
Lordship. The One Who nurtures and rectifies the affairs of the creation by the favors which
He showers upon them. The sovereign Owner Who alone creates and commands. The One
Who controls the affairs and grants blessings. The One Who nurtures. The Creator. The
Provider. The One Who aids. And The One Who guides.
87- Ar-Rafeeq: The Gentle. The One Who is gentle with His servants, gentle in His actions,
having created the creation in stages in accordance with His wisdom and gentleness.

88- As-Subooh: The Venerated and Perfect. The One Venerated and declared free of every
deficiency. The One Who the angels venerate.
89- As-Sayyid: The Lord and Master. The Owner of the whole creation. All of the creation
are His slaves. The Lord Whom all of the creation is in total need of.
90- Ash-Shaafee: The One Who cures. The One Who alone removes from the servants that
which causes harm or pain to their hearts and their bodies. The One Who cures whomever
He wills, such that none can cure except Him.
91- At-Tayyib: The Pure One. The One Perfect and The One rightly declared free of all
deficiencies and shortcomings. [It is befitting to mention the next two Names together:]
92- Al-Qaabid: The Withholder. The One Who withholds His Provision and other than it from
the servants in accordance with His wisdom and subtle kindness. And The One Who takes
the souls at the point of death.
93- Al-Baasit: The Granter of Ample Provision. The One Who grants ample and extensive
provision to His servants. And The One Who defuses the souls of the living in their bodies. [It
is befitting to also mention the next two Names together:]
94- Al-Muqaddim: The One Who gives precedence. The One Who gives precedence to
whatever He loves should be given precedence to – with regards to their status and order – in
accordance with His wisdom.
95- Al-Muakh-khir: The One Who puts back. The One Who puts back whatever He wills, whatever wisdom and rectitude necessitates should be put back. 96- Al-Muhsin: The One Who acts in a good and fine manner. The One such that all His Actions are perfect. 97- Al-Mutee: The Giver. The One Who gives to whom ever it is fitting should be given.
98- Al-Manaan: The Beneficent Bestower of Bounties. The One such that all favors and
blessings originate from Him. He is The One Who granted them and favored the creation
with them.
99- Al-Witr: The One. The One Who has no partner nor anyone like Him. He Who is One in
His Self. One in His Attributes. One in His Actions, Having no partner and no helper.
Note: The Names of Allaah mentioned in the Qur’aan and Sunnah number over one
hundred, as several scholars have agreed. Among these are ninety-nine names which, if
one learns them and acts in accordance with them, will bring a great reward, as is indicated
in the hadeeth.

Pondering over His Creations.
Verily, the signs of Allah in the universe never manifest themselves clear except to those
who possess pious hearts that constantly remember their Lord. This is because these hearts
are introduced and connected with the marvellous universe through the Qur’an. This kind of
connection exhorts the human heart to ponder over the visible book of Allah (i.e. the
universe). The Qur’an establishes the connection between knowledge and the people who
possess insight. Therefore, it is stated in the Qur’an that the ones who find guidance in the
signs of universe are a certain category of people as in the words of Allah:

“Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day,
there are indeed signs for men of understanding. Those who remember Allâh (always, and in
prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation
of the heavens and the earth, (saying): “Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without
purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners).
Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire”. [Qur’an 3:190-191]
Allah also says in the Quran – Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the
alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of
use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the
earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has
scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky
and the earth, are indeed Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of understanding.”
[Al-Baqara 2:164]
The people mentioned in the above verse(s) are the ones who really benefit from the signs
of the universe. This is because they do not restrict their thinking to the apparent scenes or
views they see but they extend this by thinking in the Maker and the Might through which He
created this. They perfectly utilize their senses [sight, hearing, and intellect] to reach this
conclusion along with the help of the Qur’anic verses that enable such senses acquire this
knowledge which is the best ever. Allah Almighty says about His signs in the universe:
“And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that
you may find tranquility in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in
that are indeed signs for a people who reflect. And among His Signs is the creation of the
heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colors. Verily, in that are
indeed signs for men of sound knowledge. And among His Signs is the sleepthat you take by
night and by day, and your seeking of His Bounty. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a
people who listen. And among His Signs is that He shows you the lightning, by way of fear
and hope, and He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and therewith revives the earth
after its death. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who understand”. [Qur’an 30:12-
The signs of Allah are only revealed to those who have intellect which leads to knowing the
truth [Allah]. However, the disbelievers (or even the heedless believers amongst us) do not
put what they see in the universe beyond the realm of watching—i.e. they do not think about
the Maker and the Creator. They even do not realize the wisdom behind this creation as in
the words of Allah: “They know only the outside appearance of the life of the world”. [Qur’an
Therefore, such category of people does not heed or benefit from the signs of Allah in the
universe since they do not put it to the Qur’anic perspective: “Say: “Behold all that is in the
heavens and the earth,” but neither Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs,
revelations, etc.) nor warners benefit those who believe not” [Qur’an 10:101]. Hence, the
Qur’an denies and condemns the act of the disbelievers who renounce pondering over the
sigs of Allah: “Do they not look in the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all things
that Allâh has created, and that it may be that the end of their lives is near. In what message
after this will they then believe?” [7: 185]
Question then is that how much time do you spend in knowing Allah? When observing his
creation, do you recognize the power that created this creation and holds it together? Do you
recognize who controls your affairs? Do you spend enough time reading Quran? More than

that do you then spend time pondering over the verses of Quran? The noble Qur’an is the
most evident witness on the greatness and will of Allah since it includes the news of all
creations and unveils the facts that humans ignore.
Exploring the deep seas, marine geologists discovered that all the details pertaining to the
descriptions of the seas are stated in the Qur’anic verse in which Allah Almighty says:
Or [they are] like darknesses within an unfathomable sea which is covered by waves, upon
which are waves, over which are clouds – darknesses, some of them upon others. When one
puts out his hand [therein], he can hardly see it. And he to whom Allah has not granted light –
for him there is no light. [Al-Noor: 40].
Professor Shridar, one of the greatest marine geologists in West Germany commented on
the above verse saying: this is a fact which has been proved through building dozens of
arsenals and taking pictures through satellites. These words can never be of humans.
Professor Dorgaro, a marine geologist, explained the scientific authenticity of the above
verse saying: “Man in the past could not dive more than 20 meters beneath the sea without
the help of equipments. However, in the present, we use modern equipments to dive 200
meters beneath the deep sea where we find great darkness as it was perfectly described in
the noble verse “unfathomable sea”. Marine researches explained the meaning of the saying
of Allah “darknesses, some of them upon others”; it is known that the rainbow colors are
seven, including red, yellow, blue, green, orange…etc. when we go deeper towards the
bottom of the sea, each of these colors disappear gradually and each leaves darkness. The
red disappears, then the orange, yellow and finally blue at 200 meters deep. Each of these
colors disappears leaving darkness until it reaches its highest degree at the depth of 200
meters. As for the saying of Allah “waves, upon which are waves”, it was scientifically proved
that the bottom and top of the seas are separated by numerous waves which are placed
above each other. This is as if the bottom of the sea is bordered by waves which are
invisible to us while that on its top are visible, so they are like waves upon waves as stated in
the verse. That is why Professor Dorgaro asserted that these verses can never be of

“This is Allah!! If you still do not know Him,

  • Ponder over His signs and creations;
  • Think of the heavens (sky) and how they are erected;
  • How He stretched the earth beneath your feet;
  • Think who controls your breath in every inhale and exhale.
  • He is Allah the One and the Ever-Sustainer.


  1. Believing in Allah
  • The first Pillar of Islam
  1. Worshipping Allah (alone)
  • Bowing & Prostrating
  • Making Dua directly to him. As the Prophet ﷺ said “Dua is Worship”.

  • All kinds of worship should be devoted to Him alone, such as du’aa’ (supplication),
    dhikr (remembering Allaah), seeking help, humbling oneself, submitting, hope and
    fear, vows, sacrifices, and so on. As Allah says, “Worship Allaah and join none
    with Him (in worship)” [al-Nisaa’ 4:36] 
  1. Loving Allah
  • Over all else
  • The Prophet ﷺ said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will taste
    the sweetness (delight) of faith: the one to whom Alláh and His Messenger
    become dearer than anything else, the one who loves a person and he
    loves him only for Alláh’s sake, and whoever hates to revert to disbelief, after Alláh
    has saved him from it, as he hates to be thrown into the Fire.”
  • When Allah Loves Some Person; Allāh’s Messenger ﷺ said:” When Allāh loves
    some person, He sends for Jibrīl and commands him: verily, I love such and such
    person; you should also love him, so Jibrīl loves him as well. Then Jibrīl proclaims
    in the heavens that Allāh loves such and such person; you should also love him.
    Then the residents of the heavens love him as