‘Qualities Allah Loves & Dislikes’
After learning the Rights of Allah on His servants, it is our duty to know that what our Lord Likes to attain His Love and what does He Dislike so that stay away from them. Today’s class is all about this InshaAllah!
The note looks a little long but most of it is Ayahs & Hadeeths which you dont have to memorize and are there to give a comprehensive understanding, so InshaAllah it would be a good read 🙂
The Qualities That Allah Love
1. Tawbah (Repentance)
“For Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly (in repentance)” (Surah Al Baqarah 2:222)
Repentance is a form of detoxification – Sincere repentance cleanses and beautifies the Iman (faith).
We all commit sins but Allah loves those who after committing sins, seek forgiveness with deep sorrow and regret.
This is the only way by which the past can be set right. Allah has a concern for those He loves, therefore each time we slip and relapse into the abyss of desires and sincerely repent, He (exalted be Him) leads us out of it to the summit of forgiveness and further relieves us of hardship and provides for us.
2. Taharah (Purification)
“Allah loves those who keep themselves pure and clean.” (Surah Al Baqarah 2:222)
This is the external purification. The secret to this is performing the acts with the intention of following the example of the Prophet ﷺ.
The removal of filth from the body by performing wudhu (ablution) and ghusl (ritual bath) and removal of filth from the garment, body and place of prayer. They are acts that purify the body and radiate the Iman. It is a means by which Almighty Allah will wipe out our sins and raise our ranks.
3. Taqwa (Piety)
“for Allah loveth the righteous (the pious).” (Surah Al Tawbah 9:4)
The fear of Allah is the source of a pure soul – it is borne out of love and obedience. Thus, a pious person is constantly driven to do good only.
He/She is humble and does not flaunt piety in front of others. The fear of Allah beautifies the Iman and is the origin of all good as one continues to strive to do only what pleases Allah and stay away from the things that would displease him.
Piety is an internal quality as the Prophet ﷺ said,
“The piety is here, (and while saying so) he pointed towards his chest thrice.” (Sahih Muslim, Book #032, Hadith #6219) and it is a quality that puts us above others in the sight of Allah.
4. Ihsan (Goodness & Perfection)
”for Allah loves those who do good…“ (Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:134)
Prophet Muhammad ﷺsays, ”Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you.“ (Sahih Bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #47)
Ihsan goes beyond a noble trait; it is an integral part of Islam. It is the secret to an attentive heart – knowing that Allah is watching everything. This fills the heart with respect and veneration and one becomes too embarrassed to go against Allah’s commands. It promotes performance of good deeds for the sake of Allah and not for show-off or to gain praise or fame.
5. Tawakkul (Trust in Allah)
”For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).“ (Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:159)
The secret and reality of trust in Allah is the reliance of the heart on Allah alone. Therefore trusting in Allah by word of mouth is different from trusting in Him by the heart.
Reliance is doing and hoping; doing everything necessary within one’s capability to achieve one’s aim and hoping with tranquility of heart and soul and putting one’s trust in Allah with firm belief that whatever the outcome might be, it is as a result of the Will of Allah and His Decree.
One should never feel that too much time has passed by without supplications being answered; rather we should always place our hope on the One who is able to do all things. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ says, ”If you all depend on Allah, with due reliance, He would certainly give you provision as He gives to birds who go forth hungry in the morning and return with full bellies at dusk“ (At-Tirmidhi)
6. Qist (Justice)
”for Allah loveth those who judge in equity.“ (Surah Al Ma’idah 5:42)
”for Allah loves those who are fair (and just).“ (Surah Al Hujurat 49:9)
Justice is a prerequisite to peace which is missing in our contemporary society. It involves giving other people the right we give ourselves, treating people the way we would like to be treated.
Justice sounds like a word meant for the leaders alone but rather it affects us all.
7. Sabr (Patience)
”And Allah Loves those who are firm and steadfast (As-Sabirin (the patient)).“ (Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:146)
Patience is one of the most noble of virtues and traits. It is to endure what one dislikes with a sense of acceptance and submission and anticipating Allah’s reward.
Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said: ”patience to Iman is like the head to a body: if the head is cut off, the body perishes as well.“ (Gems and jewels – wise sayings, interesting events & moral lessons from the Islamic history, compiled by Abdul-Malik Mujahid (Darussalam))
Muslims should adhere to patience when afflicted with calamity and should not yield either to desperation nor despondence because if we are patient, everything that was destined and preordained for us will occur and we will be rewarded. If we complain and are hopeless, then all that was destined for us will still occur, but we will be blamed for our impatience at Allah’s Will.
Ayesha (RA) narrated: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Allah loves kindness in all matters.”(Bukhari)
9. Humility of the Rich
Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas (RA) said: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: “Allah loves the believer who is pious and rich, but does not show off.” (Muslim)
10. Belief and Work
Al-Tabarâni narrated: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: “Allah loves the slave who believes and acquires a career (or work).”
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Allah loves the believer who is poor but virtuous enough to refrain from begging though he has many children.” (Muslim and Ahmed)
Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: “The strong believer is better and more loved by Allah than the weak one, but they are both good.” (Muslim)
So we should try and stay fit for the Sake of Allah and encourage our children for sports more than play-station.
13. Love for the Sake of Allah
Abû Hurayrah relates that the Prophet ﷺ said: “Allah will ask on the Day of Judgment: ‘Where are those who loved each other for the sake of My glory? Today, – on a day when there is no shade but mine – I shall shade them with My shade.” [Sahîh Muslim (2566)] .”
14. Continuous Performance of Righteous Deeds
Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: “The best loved deeds to Allah are the ones that are continuous even if they are not very many.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
15. Good Manners and Conduct
Al-Tirmidhi narrated: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: “The best loved by me and the nearest to me on the seats on the Day of Resurrection are those who have the best manners and conduct amongst you…”
Allaah loves to be asked, and He encourages that in all things. He is angry with the one who does not ask of Him and He encourages His slaves to ask of Him. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And your Lord said: “Invoke Me [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism) and ask Me for anything] I will respond to your (invocation)” [Ghaafir 40:60]
Du’aa’ is very important in Islam, so much so that the Prophet ﷺ said: “Du’aa’ is worship.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 3372; Abu Dawood, 1479; Ibn Maajah, 3828)
The Qualities That Allah Hates/Dislikes
1. Israaf (extravagance)
”But waste not by excess: for Allah loveth not the wasters (Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance)).“ (Surah Al An’am 6:141)
Excessive spending and lavishness in everything is the core of evil and leads to greater evil. It makes one forget the hereafter and preparing for it. Such acts would be a cause of humiliation and disgrace on the Day of Judgment.
That is why Almighty Allah has prescribed zakah (obligatory alms) and sadaqah (voluntary charity) in order to bless the wealth and to curb extravagance in eating, drinking, clothing and in everything we do.
2. Istikbaar (Pride)
”verily He loveth not the arrogant (proud).“ (Surah Al Nahl 16:23)
And the Prophet ﷺ says, ”Pride is to completely disregard the truth and scorn (looking down upon) the people“ (Muslim)
Sometimes a person might be deceived by his/ her knowledge, wealth and property, lineage and ancestry, or worship and be arrogant and boastful.
Al-Hasan Al-Basri advised that: ”Do not become proud merely because you worship often, for consider what happened to Iblis after he spent a great deal of time worshipping“ (Gems and jewels – wise sayings, interesting events & moral lessons from the Islamic history, compiled by Abdul-Malik Mujahid (Darussalam))
Pride is among the greatest means of damage to a person’s wealth and circumstances. It distances one away from Allah’s love and ”He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter paradise.“ (Sahih Muslim, Book #001, Hadith #0166)
3. Mukhtal fakhoor (Arrogant boaster)
”for Allah loveth not any arrogant boaster.“ (Surah Luqman 31:18)
Being arrogant and boastful are a deadly combination – beauty, knowledge, wealth and noble lineage should be taken as gifts from Almighty Allah and one should be humble and grateful for them rather than make them a means of pride and oppression.
Servants of Allah cannot be true to themselves as long as they are flattering themselves, walking in an arrogant manner and looking down on people who are inferior to them and not mix with them. The one who is arrogant in this world will be disgraced on the Day of Judgment.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ says, ”The arrogant will be gathered on the Day of Judgment in the form of small ants. Humiliation will surround them from everywhere.“ (At-Tirmidhi)
4. Udwaan (Transgression)
”for Allah loveth not those given to excess (Transgression).“ (Surah Al Ma’idah 5:87)
Human characteristics have limitations, which if surpassed would be transgression and if one falls short of it, it would be a defect – for example, generosity has a limitation, when surpassed, it becomes extravagance, when courage is surpassed, it becomes rashness; when ibadah (worship) is surpassed, one falls into the risk of adopting bid’ah – some of the Companions almost fell into this trap.
Narrated by Anas bin Malik: “A group of three men came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet asking how the Prophet worshipped (Allah), and when they were informed about that, they considered their worship insufficient and said, “Where are we from the Prophet as his past and future sins have been forgiven.” Then one of them said, “I will offer the prayer throughout the night forever.” The other said, “I will fast throughout the year and will not break my fast.” The third said, “I will keep away from the women and will not marry forever.“ Allah’s Apostle came to them and said, ”Are you the same people who said so-and-so? By Allah, I am more submissive to Allah and more afraid of Him than you; yet I fast and break my fast, I do sleep and I also marry women. So he who does not follow my tradition in religion, is not from me (not one of my followers).“” (Sahih Bukhari, Book #62, Hadith #1)
Therefore, moderation is the best way to deal with all matters – it is not to exaggerate and make it hard for ourselves by prohibiting the permissible things. And not to transgress the limits by excessively indulging in the permissible matters but rather we should only use what satisfies our need and not fall into extravagance.
5. Zulm (Evil, wrongdoing)
”but God loveth not those who do wrong (Zalimun (oppressors, polytheists and wrong doers)).“ (Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:57)
This is a reprehensible trait whose existence spoils the Iman and darkens the heart. The wrongdoers are those who have chosen the tempting transient life instead of the hereafter. All acts of wrongdoing such as stealing, breach of trust, embezzlement, usurping the rights of others, and bribery, have serious consequences in the hereafter.
In a Hadith, Abu Dharr reported Allah’s Messenger ﷺ as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: ”My servants, I have made oppression unlawful for Me and unlawful for you, so do not commit oppression against one another.“ (Sahih Muslim, Book #032, Hadith #6246)
6. Khiyaanah (Treachery)
”for Allah loveth not the treacherous.“ (Surah Al Anfal 8:58)
The treacherous one is two-faced and inconsistent in words and deeds. Acts of treachery lead to betrayal, disloyalty, perfidy, deception and hypocrisy which in turn soil the Iman.
7. Ifsaad (Mischief-making)
”And Allah loveth not those who do mischief.“ (Surah Al Ma’idah 5:64)
This is a comprehensive term which includes great crimes, sins, oppression, carrying false tales, hypocrisy, tyranny and all kinds of mischief. All these acts are despicable and stain the Iman.
Hasten today to adopt the qualities that Almighty Allah loves and don’t rest until they become second nature to you; hasten today to abandon all the qualities Allah does not love and don’t relent until you hate them with all your heart. The Prophet ﷺ said: ”Faith wears out in the heart of any one of you just as clothes wear out, so ask Allah to renew the faith in your hearts.“ (Al-Haakim in Al-Mustadrak and Al-Haythami in Majma Az-Zawaa’id)
Therefore the key is supplication, resorting to Allah and sincere desire to please Him followed by action, so we say,
“O Allah make Iman beloved to us and beautify it in our hearts.”
8. Publicity of Evil
“Allah does not like that evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower.” (4:148)
This is very commong in our Ummah now, people commit sins openly and also when they do certain sins people dont know about they come and announce it with pride these people call upon Allah’s wrath is a dangerous thing to do.
9. Obscene words and acts
Ahmed narrated: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said:”Allah hates obscene words and acts.“
Again one of the most common disease our Ummah is suffering from. They use obscene language and think they are cool or just for fun.
10. Exultance for Worldly Desires
”Verily, Allah likes not those who exult (with riches, being ungrateful to Allah).“ (28:76)
The remedy for all these diseases is the love of Allah Almighty, His Messenger ﷺ and the Pleasures of the Hereafter. Allah’s love has many fruits and positive consequences, namely, Allah gives whoever loves contentment and satisfaction and this is one of the graces of Allah in this world. Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said:
”If Allah loves someone He calls Gabriel (the angel) and says: I love so-and-so, so you love him. Gabriel loves him, and calls the other angels in Heaven to love that person. They love him, then his love will be made upon earth, and he becomes loved. And if Allah hates someone He calls Gabriel and says: I hate so-and-so and you hate him. Gabriel hates him and calls the angels in Heaven and says: Allah hates so-and-so, so you all hate him. They all hate him, and his hatred is made upon earth and he becomes hated.“ (Muslim)
Link to Urdu Lecture by Sheikh Abubakar Mukhtar
The Lecture can have more or less details from the that what is written here in English. The Tests will ONLY be from what is written here in English. The Lectures are provided to have give better understanding of the matter.