Timings & Conditions of Salah
Brothers & Sisters please in the classes of Salah one might find things that contradict what we have been doing all life. Dont just close and forget it, We do not intend to get into sectism rather our aim is to simply stick to the Sunnah InshaAllah, so if you find anything which you have been doing in a different way, do some research and try to find the truth with the intention of following the Sunnah for the Sake of Allah and InshaAllah Allah will guide us all to the Siraat Al Mustakeem.
The Timings of The Obligatory Prayers
Islam has prescribed specified time limits for each of prayer as can be noted from the following verse of the Holy Qur’an: “Prayer is enjoined on believers at stated times” (Qur’an 4:103).
And in an authentic prophetic saying it is confirmed that someone once asked the prophet ﷺ about the best action in the sight of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) and the prophet replied: “Offering prayer at its prescribed time” (Reported by Imam Bukhari).
Thus, the arrival of the time for prayer is a fundamental condition for performing it and if, therefore, a prayer is intentionally performed before or after its designated time it shall not be acceptable in the sight of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). However, persons who may forget (without intention) to perform any of the obligatory prayers within its ordained time or who are overtaken by sleep, then such persons should perform the prayer as soon as they remember it and/or as soon as they wake up from their sleep.
We shall now enumerate the different timings of the five obligatory prayers:
Performance of The Salaat
After introducing the Salaat and discussing its pre-requisites, we shall now turn to matters pertaining to its actual performance.
Conditions for the Prayer (Shuruud-Salaat)
There are a number of conditions which need to be fulfilled for the prayer to be valid. These are as follows:
It is preferred for children to begin performing the prayer at the age of seven for it awakens in them the presence of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) and inculcates in them the habit of praying as an act of worship and love for ‘Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). A child at the age of 10 is made to understand that prayer is necessarily a part of the person’s daily life and is a solemn duty ordained by Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) on all Muslims, and that failure to perform it is an act of disbelief (Kufr). Therefore, parents are required to guide their children to the right path by punishing any of them who at the age of 10 intentionally misses the prayers.
The Prophet ﷺ, said: “ Order your children to pray when they reach the age of seven and punish them for not performing it at the age of ten and separate them (ie. boys and girls) in their beds” (Reported by Imam Bukhari).
Upon attaining the age of 15, a child is deemed to have reached adulthood, whereby, he/she is required to perform the prayer. Here below, are some other signs which may indicate that a child has attained adulthood:
Categories of the Acts of the Salaat
All the acts, readings and supplications undertaken in the course of the Salaat have different legal weights and implications. They are categorized as follows: